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第四章 控制系统计算机辅助分析

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第三章 控制系统数学模型

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第一章 MATLAB基础

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第二章 MATLAB绘图

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英语单词

2017/10/07 周六 于综合楼

elaborate adj. 详尽的  v.尽心制作

elegant a. 优雅的,简洁的

element n. 元素,少量,基础

elementary a. 初等的,容易的

eliminate v. 排除,淘汰

abolish v. 废止

absence n. 缺席,缺乏

absent adj. 缺席的,漫不经心的

abroad adv.到国外,广为流传

absolute a. 纯粹的,无疑的

absorb v. 吸引注意,占去,承受,吸收

abstract a. 抽象的 n. 摘要 v. 提取

ban v. 禁止 n. 禁令

bar n. 条,块,酒吧 v. 插门,封锁

bare a. 赤裸裸的,微小的

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2017/10/08 周日 综合楼

bargain n. 廉价货,交易 v.成交,讨价还价

beam n. 束,柱,梁 v. 微笑,发光

become v. 成为,使好看

capable a. 有能力的,能胜任的

capacity n. 才能,生产力,能量

capital n. 首都 a.首位的

captive a. 被俘虏的 n.囚徒

capture v.俘虏,攻占 n.俘虏

career n. 生涯 a.职业的

careful a.小心的,细致的

case n. 实例,病例

cast v. 投,扔 n.演员表

casual a. 偶然的

casualty n. 牺牲品

catch v.捉住,捕获,感染,理解

category n. 种类,类目

cautious a. 小心的

cease v. 停止

cater v. 备办食物,迎合

cause v.引起,导致 n. 原因

caution n. 谨慎 v. 警告

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2017/10/09 周一 校园书店

celebrate v. 庆祝

celebrity n. 名人,名望

ceremony n. 典礼,礼节

certain a. 确定的

certainty n. 必然

certificate n. 证书

decline n. 下降 v. 拒绝

decrease v. 减少

deem v. 认为,相信

dedicate v. 奉献

deduce v. 推论,演绎

deduct v. 减法,推论

fashion n. 方式,时尚,时装

fashionable a. 流行的

favour n. 恩惠,喜爱 v. 支持,喜爱

favourable a. 最喜欢的 n. 最爱的人/物

sit v. 坐,参加考试,代看小孩

site n. 位置 v.坐落在

situated a. 处于某种状况的

situation n. 形式,位置,职位

skeleton n. 骨骼,框架

skeptical a. 怀疑的

sketch n. 素描,速写

radiant a. 发光的,容光焕发的

radiate v. 发出,发散

radical a. 根本的,激进的

ideal a. 理想的 n. 理想

ideology n. 思想意识

identical a. 相同的

identification n. 识别

identify v. 识别,等同于

identity n. 相同性,身份

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2017/10/10 周二 综合楼

journal n. 杂志,日记

journalist n. 记者

journey n. 旅行 v. 旅行

judge n. 法官 v. 审判

judgement n. 审判,看法

judicial a. 法庭的,公正的

jury n. 陪审团

justice n. 公平,司法

justify v. 证明....正当

key n. 钥匙,关键,琴键 a. 主要的 v. 使适应

knit v. 编织

label n. 标签 v. 归类

lag v. 走得慢

largely adv. 大量地

lateral a. 侧面的

latter a. 后一半的

law n. 法律

magnitude n. 巨大,重要性

magnify n. 放大,夸大

magnificent a. 壮观的

maintain v. 维持,供给,主张

maintenance n. 维持

major a. 大的,专业,主修,少校

majority n. 多数,成年

make v. 做,成为,构成

theme n. 主题

theory n.理论

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2017/10/11 综合楼

theoretical a. 理论上的

therapy n. 疗法

object n. 实物,对象,目的,反对

objective a. 客观的 n. 目的,宗旨

objection n. 反对

obligation n. 义务,责任

oblige v. 强迫,帮忙,使感激

obscure v. 使变暗 a. 费解的

observe v. 观察,遵守

observation n. 观察,言论

obsession n. 迷住,萦绕于心

obsolete a. 废弃的,陈旧的

obtain v. 获得

obvious a. 明显的

pace n. 步 v. 踱步于

panel n. 控制面板,专家小组

panorama n. 全景,概论

qualification n. 资格,合格,限定

qualify v. 限制

quality n. 质量,性质

qualitative a. 性质上的

safeguard v. 维护 n. 安全措施

savage a. 野蛮的

save v. 拯救

saving n. 节约,存款

scale n. 刻度,天平

scene n. 景色

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2017/10/13 综合楼

scenery n. 风景

tow v. 拖,拉

toward 向,对于,接近

take v. 吃,认为

talent n. 才能

target n. 目标 v. 把...作为目标

taste v. 品尝 n. 滋味

technical a. 技术的

technician n. 技术员

technique n. 技术

technology n. 工艺

teenager n. 心情

temperature n. 温度

temporary a. 暂时的

tend v. 趋向

tendency n.趋势

tentative a. 试验性的

term n. 学期,术语,关系

terminal n. 终端 a. 绝症的

terminate v. 停止

testify v. 证实

trace n. 痕迹 v.追踪

track n. 足迹 v. 跟踪

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2017/10/15 综合楼

tradition n. 传统

ultimate a. 最后的,根本的

underestimate v. 低估

undergo v. 遭受

underlie v. 位于...之下

underlying a. 在下面的

underline v. 在下面划线,强调

understand v. 理解

understanding n. 理解 a. 了解的

undertake v. 承担,负责

uneasy a. 心神不宁的

unemployment n. 失业

unexpected a. 意外的

unify v. 统一

union n. 联合,协会

unique a. 唯一的

universal a. 普通的

universe n. 宇宙

unlike a. 不相同的

unusual a. 与众不同的

vague a. 含糊的

vain a. 徒劳的

valid a. 合理的

valuable a. 贵重的 n. 财宝

value n. 价值 v. 估价

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2017/10/22 周日 综合楼

abandon v. 抛弃

abide v.容忍,居住,忠于

ability n. 智力,才能

able a. 有能力的

abnormal a. 反常的

background n. 背景

balance v. 使平衡

base n. 基础,把..基于

basement n. 地下室

basic a. 基本的

basis n. 基础

calculate v. 计算

call v.喊叫,打电话

calm a. 平静的 n. 平静 v. 使平静

campaign n/v 战役,运动

candidate n. 候选人

data n. 数据

database n. 数据库

date n. 日期 v. 注明日期

deal v. 处理,经营 n. 协议,交易

dealer n. 商人

dazzle v. 耀眼 n.

debate v. 争论 n.

decade n. 十年

decide v. 决定

decision n. 决定

decisive a. 决定性的

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wage n. 工资 v. 从事

wander v. 漫步,迷路

want v. 想要 n. 短缺

way n. 方式,方法

weak a. 虚弱的,淡的

wear v. 穿戴

weary a. 疲劳的 v.使厌烦

weigh v. 承重量

weight n. 重量 v. 在...上加重量

weird a. 怪异的 n. 命运

weld v. 焊接

welfare n. 福利

whirl v. 旋转 n. 回旋

whisper n. 耳语 v. 低语

yield n. 产量,生产

youth n. 青春,年轻人

zigzag a. 之字形的

zone n. 地带

zoom n. 飞驰 v. 急剧上涨

decorate v. 布置,装饰

economic a. 经济上的

economics n. 经济学

economical a. 节约的

economy n. 节约

educate v. 教育

education n. 教育

effect n. 作用,结果 v. 产生

effective a. 有效的

efficient a. 有效的

efficiency n. 效率

effort n. 努力

fabric n. 织物,组织

fabricate v. 建造

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2017/10/23 周一 综合楼

genius n. 天才,天赋

gift n. 礼品

genre n. 类型,风格

giant n. 巨人 a. 巨大的

give v. 给

happen v. 发生,碰巧

harm n. 伤害

harmony n. 协调

harsh a. 严酷的,苛刻的

ignorance n. 无知

ignorant a. 无知的

ignore v. 不顾

ill a. 有病的 adv. 邪恶地

illness n. 疾病

illusion n. 幻觉

illustrate v. 说明

illustration n. 说明

image n. 形象 v. 反映

imagine v. 想象

imagination n. 想象

imaginative a. 富有想象力的

imitation n. 模仿

lead v. 领导 n. 带领

leadership n. 领导,领导层

leading a. 领导的

legal a. 法律的

legislation n. 立法

legitimate a. 合法的

leisure n. 空闲 

level n. 数量

lever n. 杠杆 v. 控制

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fail v. 衰退,破产,失败

failure n. 失败

fair a. 公平的 n. 集市

fairly adv. 公正地

fall v. 坠落,跌倒,垮台

fan n. 扇子 v. 煽动

fancy n. 想象力 v. 想象 a. 想象的

gain v. 获得 n. 

gamble v. 赌博 n. 赌博,冒险

gap n. 缺口

gene n. 基因

general a. 普遍的 n.将军

generalize v. 归纳,推广

generation n. 产生,一代人

habit n. 习惯,习性

habitat n. 自然环境

hamper v. 妨碍

handicap n. 障碍 v. 妨碍

shield v. 保护 n.盾

shift v. 转移 n. 更换

shoulder n. 肩膀 v. 肩负

show v. 呈现 n. 展览

shower n. 阵雨 v. 下阵雨

manage v. 经营

glamour n. 迷人的美 v. 迷惑

generate v. 产生,导致

generator n. 发电机

generous a. 大量的

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 2017/10/31 综合楼

operate v. 运转,动手术

operation n. 运转,手术

operational a. 操作的

operator n. 操作员

opinion n. 意见,看法

opportunity n. 机会

opponent n. 敌手 a. 对立的

oppose v. 反对

opposite a. 相反的 n. 对立面

oppress v. 压迫

scope n. 活动范围,机会

score n. 分数 v. 计分

scorn v. 轻蔑 n. 鄙视

secure a. 安全的 v.保卫

security n. 安全

see v. 看见

seek v. 寻找

seem v. 好像

seemingly adv. 表面上

thrift n. 节俭

thrill v. 使兴奋

thrive vi. 繁荣

through prep. 穿过

throughout 遍及

tip n. 末端 v. 给小费

title n. 标题

urban a. 城市的

urge v. 推进,鼓励 n. 冲动

urgent a. 紧迫的

utilize v. 利用

utter v. 吐露 a. 完全的

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embrace v. 拥抱

embed v. 使插入

embody v. 使具体化

embryo n. 胚胎

elite n. 上层人士,精华

elsewhere adv. 在别处

thirst n. 口渴,渴望

thorough a. 彻底的

though adv. 可是,尽管

thought n. 思想

thoughtful a. 认真思考的,体贴的

threat n. 恐吓

update v. 更新

upgrade v. 提高

uphold v. 举起

upset v. 使苦恼

up-to-date a. 新式的

ventilate v. 使通风

venture n. 冒险

widespread a. 普遍的

win v. n. 赢

wit n. 智力

withdraw v. 抽回,收回

witness n. 目击者,目击 v.

inaugurate v. 举行就职典礼

incentive n. 刺激,激励

incident n. 事件

incidentally adv. 偶然地

incline v. 倾斜

academic a. 学院的

academy n. 学院

accelerate v. 加速

accept v. 接受认可

acceptance n. 接受

access n. 进入,接近,入口,通道

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finance n. 金融 v. 为...提供资金

financial a. 金融的

finding n. 发现,调查结果

finite a. 有限的

firm a. 坚固的 n. 公司

first a. 第一的 n. 空前的成就

fit v. 适合 a. 适合的

fitting a. 恰当的 n. 配件

globe n. 球体 

global a. 全球的

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accessory n. 附件 a. 附属的

begin v. 开始

beginning n. 开端,开始

behalf n. 利益

behave v. 举止端庄,表现

behavior n. 行为,举止

belief n. 信仰

believe v. 相信

belong v. 属于

benefit n. v. 利益,好处

challenge v. 向..挑战 n.

chance n. 机会 v. 碰巧

change n. 改变 v. 交换

channel n. 海峡,水道

character n. 性格,性质

character n. 性格,性质

characteristic n. 特征,独特的

characterise v. 表..的特性

defend v. 防御

defendant n. 被告

define v. 规定

definite a. 明确的

definition n. 定义,解释

defy v. 蔑视

degree n. 程度,学位

delay n. v. 延迟

deliberate a. 慎重的 v. 商议

delicate a. 纤弱的

deliver v. 投递,发表

delivery n. 交付,分娩

fiction n. 虚构小说

field n. 田野,范围

fierce a. 凶猛的

fight v. 打仗 n. 战斗

figure n. 人物,数字 v. 算出

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range n. 脉,行,一系列,范围 v. 排列,变化

rank n. 排,列,军阶 v. 分类

master n. 主人 v. 精通 a. 熟练的

masterpiece n. 杰作

mate n. 伙伴,同事

material n. 材料 a. 物质的

mathematical a. 数学上的

mature a. 熟的,成年人的 v. 使成熟

maximum a. 最大的 n. 极限

mean v. 意指 a. 卑鄙的 n. 平均值

meaning n. 意思 a. 有意义的

means n. 方法,手段,财富

meantime n. 其间 

meanwhile n. 其间 adv. 当时

measure v. 测量 n. 程度

opening n. 口子,开端 a. 开始的

opera n. 歌剧

wonder n. 奇迹 v. 惊讶

worship n. v. 崇拜

worth n. 价值 v. 值

worthwhile a. 值的

worthy a. 值得的

write v. 写

writer n. 作家

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patch n. 补丁 v. 修补

patent n. 专利 a. 专利的 v. 批准专利

pattern n. 模式,样式 v. 仿造

pay v. 支付 n. 工资

payment n. 支付,付款额

peculiar a. 奇怪的

peer n. 相同的人 v. 仔细看

per 每

perceive v. 感知,理解

percentage n. 百分比

perfect a. 完美的 v. 改善

rail n. 铁路,栏杆

railroad/railway n. 铁路

raise v. 举起 n. 增加

rally v. 集合,团结 n. 集会

random a. 胡乱的 n. 任意

 

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英语单词

radiant adj. 发光的,辐射的:the radiant sun

                    容光焕发的:a radiant face

                    满面春风的:You look absolutely radiant!

radiate v. 发出,发射:The sun radiates lights and heat.

                显露出:There was a tenderness that radiated from her.

                             从她身上人们可以感受到一种温柔

radiation n. 放射,辐射,传播

radiator n. 暖气片,散热器

radical adj. 根本的,基本的:a radical error 根本性错误

                                             the radical idea of a system 一种体系的基本思想

                     彻底的,完全的:radical change 彻底的改变

                                                in radical language 用过激的语言

superficial adj. 表面的,肤浅的

ideal adj. 理想的,完美的:an ideal marrige 完美的婚姻

                理想的:the ideal system of government 理想的政体

          n. 理想:I am looking for a house in the country but haven't found my ideal yet.

ideology n. 思想意识:Our ideologies are different 我们的思想不同

ideological adj. 意识形态的

identical adj. 同一的:She wore the identical dress on both occasions.

                     相同的:The copy was identical with the original

                                   be identical with/to 与...完全相同的

identicalness n. 相同点

identification n. 识别鉴别:The identification of criminals was made by their fingerprints.

                                           通过指纹鉴别罪犯

                                           identification card 身份证

identify v.认为...等同于:Never identify opinions with facts.

                识别:He identified the coat as his brother's.

                 identify oneself with sb./sth 支持某人/某物

identity n. 相同性,一致性:The two crimes have some identity, in a way.

                 本体,身份:The cheque will be cashed on proof of identity.

                                     这张支票凭身份证兑换

journal n. 杂志,刊物:The technical journals are full of condensed scientific information.

                                     这家技术刊物刊登的都是简短的科技信息

journalist n. 记者,新闻工作者:She is a brilliant journalist. 她是位出类拔萃的记者

journey n. 旅行,旅程:I hope you will have a pleasant journey back to your hometown.

             v. 旅行:He journeyed round the world. 他曾周游世界

                  break one's journey 途中在某地做短暂停留

judge n. 法官:The powers of a judge are defined by law. 法官的权限是由法律规定的

               裁判员:He is a good judge of the fine arts. 他是位美术鉴赏行家

           v. 判决:God will judge all men.

               评判:Who will going to judge the horses?

               判定:Do not judge others hastily. 不要仓促对人下定论

               judge of 做出评价

judgement n. 判决:make a judegment 作出判决

                       判断力,识别:You shall use your own judgement as to whether you should

                                                start to work or study for a master's degree.

                        an error of judgement  判断错误

                        reserve judgement 暂不表态

                        in one's judgement 在某人看来

judicial adj. 法庭的:a judicial inquiry 法庭的审判

                    公正的:a judicial mind 公正的心

judicially adv. 公平地,依法判决地

jury n. 陪审团:The plaintiff made detailed statements to the jury.

                         原告向陪审团做了详尽的陈述

           评判委员会:The jury is about to announce the winners. 评委会将宣布优胜者

justice n. 公平:All men should be treated with justice.

                审判,司法:The courts ensure that justice is achieved.

                in justice to 为了对...公平起见

                bring sb. to justice 使犯人归案受审

                do justice to sb/sth. 公平对待

justify v. 证明...正当:Such action can be justified on the grounds of greater efficiency.

                                  以提高功效为依据可以证明采取这种措施是正确的

justification n. 辩护,正当理由

key n.钥匙

          答案:I don't know the key to the grammer exercise. 我不知道语法练习的答案

          关键:Transport has always been the master key of trade.运输一向是贸易的关键

          琴键:press the keys of a piano. 按钢琴的键

      adj. 关键的:He has a key pasition in the company. 

      v. 使适应:The books are keyed to the needs of advanced students.

knit v. 编织:She's knitting her husband a sweater.

           愈合,紧密结合:The broken bones have knit well.骨头已愈合良好

           knit one's brow 皱眉

separate v. 分开,分离

 

 

 

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英语单词

certain adj. 确定的

                   某些:She was prepared to make certain concessions.

                              她本打算做些让步

                 for certain 无疑地,确定的

                 make certain 弄清楚

certainty n. 必然,确定,必然的事

uncertainty n. 无把握

certificate n. 执照,证书

                    graduation certificate 毕业证书

certificated adj. 合格的,授予证书的

certify v. 证明:The accounts were certified correct.

                                账目经过查核准确无误

                发证书:certify the teachers 给老师颁发证书

decline n. 下降,减少:a decline in prices 物价的下跌

                 衰退:She is on the decline and may die soon.

                           她身体越来越弱,恐不久于世

                  倾斜:The path follows a sharp decline to the lake.

                            小道沿着陡坡的趋势通向湖泊

              v. 拒绝,谢绝:We sent him an invitation nut he declined.

                  下降:The sales have declined recently.

                 fall/go into decline 失去力量,影响等

                   on the decline 在衰退

accept v. 接受

decrease v. 减少  on the decrease 在减少

increase v. 增加

deem v. 认为,相信:She deemed it wise to refuse the offer.

                                   她认为拒绝那个建议是明智的

dedicate v. 奉献:The write dedicated his first novel to his wife.

dedicated adj. 献身于某事物的

deduce v. 演绎,推论:deduce a conclusion from these facts

induce v. 归纳

infer v. 猜想,推理

deducible adj. 可以推断出的

deduct v. 扣除:Tax is deducted from your salary.

                           税款从薪金中扣除

                 推论:The police deducted that she was guilty.

                              警察推断出她有罪

deductible adj. 可扣除的

subtract v. 扣除,减去

fashion n. 方式,样子:Models move in a graceful fashion.

                                     模特们的步态优雅

                时尚,时装:short skirts are in fashion now

                  set a fashion 树立榜样

                  after the fashion 模仿

fashionable adj. 流行的

favour n. 恩惠:We would esteemed it a great favour if you would reply at once.

                         若能立即回复,我们将不甚感激

              好感:He soon won the favur of his boss.

         v. 喜爱:Of the two opinions, I favour the first.

            支持:I favour increasing aid for schools.

            有利于:Plentiful rainfall favour the growth of plants.

                          充足的雨水有助于植物的生长

            in favour of  赞同,支持

            in sb's favour 得某人欢心

malice n. 恶意

favourable adj. 赞许的,有利的:Everything is favourable to our plan.

favourite adj. 喜欢的,中意的:What's your favourite televison programs?

                n. 喜爱的人或物

sit v. 坐

         参加考试:sit for university entrance 参加大学入学考试

          代人临时看小孩:sit for sb's child 为某人照看小孩

          sit in 静坐示威     sit in on 列席,旁听

site n.位置:an archaeological site 考古现场

       v. 设置,使坐落于:It is safe to site a company here.

situated adj. 处于某种状况的:Having six children and no income, I was badly situated.

                     位于:The hotel is situated in the suburbs. 这所旅馆位于郊外

situation n. 形势,状况,位置,环境

                   职位:He took various situatins 他担任多个职位

skeleton n. 骨骼:A horrified skeleton is on show in museum.

                            一个令人毛骨悚然的骷髅在博物馆展览

                 框架,概要:He showed his teacher the skeleton of his thesis.

                                        他给老师看他的论文提要

skeptical adj. 怀疑的:People are skeptical of political promises. 

                                          人们对政治上的许诺产生怀疑

skepticism n. 怀疑论

distrustful adj. 不信任的,可疑的

sketch n. 素描,草图:a sketch of a face 面部素描

               概述:give sb. a sketch of the book 向某人简略介绍那本书

               画素描,速写:go into the park to sketch the flowers

               简述:sketch out what you intend to do.把你要做的事概述一下

               sketch in 补充说明 

 

                                    

 

 

 

                 

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英语单词

capacity n. 能力:Their reasoning capacity must be developed.

                  生产力、接受能力:He has an infinite capacity for criticism.

                                                  他有很高的接受批评的能力

                  容量:This gymnasium has a seating capacity of 50000.

                             这个体育馆能容纳5万个座位

capital n, 首都:Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China.

                大写字母:Please write in capitals

               资金:It is estimated that the project requirs 6800.

           adj. 首位的:The prime minister made a capital speech on National Day.

                  基本的:capital construction is going on smoothly.

                   应处以死刑的:capital crime 死罪   capital punishment 死刑

capitalism n. 资本主义

captive adj. 被俘的:The police managed to rescue the captive hostages.

                                   警察设法解救出被监禁的人质

               n. 俘虏:The captives are wearing chains.

capture vt. 俘虏:She was captured trying to escape from the country.

                  攻占:capture the stronghold 攻占堡垒

             n. 俘虏:He evaded capture for three days.

                           他逃避追捕已三日。

captivity n. 监禁

captivation n. 吸引力,魅力

captivate v. 吸引

recapture v, 夺回,收复

career n. 生涯

               职业

           adj. 职业的:a career diplomat 职业外交官

careful adj. 小心的

                   精细的:a careful artist 一位细致的艺术家

careless adj. 粗心的

carefull adv. 仔细地

case n. 实例,事实:Could give us a concrete case?

             案例,病例:a case of murder

              in any case 无论如何   in case 假使  in case of 防备

              in no case 绝不 in the case of  至于...

              in this case 既然是这样

cast v. 投,扔:The boy is casting basketball with a high jump.

           分配角色:He was cast as the villain. 他扮演坏蛋

                            The part was cast to him. 这个角色分配给他演

         n. 演员表:choose the cast  选演员   head a cast 担任主角

casual adj. 偶然的:a casual meeting 邂逅   a casual worker 临时工 casual cloths 便装

deliberate adj. 特意的

casualty n. 牺牲品:The enemy suffered heavy casualties.敌人伤亡惨重

catch v. 捕捉;赶上;理解

              感染:She caught the disease from her parents

                catch on 理解,明白   catch up with 赶上

                catch up on sth 赶着做 be caught in 沉湎于

catching adj. 传染性的

category n. 种类

cater v. 备办食物:Fifty is a lot of people to cater for!

                              承办50人的饮食可真够多的

               迎合:TV programs must cater for many different tastes.

                满足某种需求:newspaper catering to peoples's love of scandal.

                                         迎合爱看丑闻消息的报纸

cause vt. 导致:The situation caused great concern to the goverment.

                            局势引起政府高度关注

             n. 原因

                 事业:We are fighting for the cause of the world peace.

causal adj. 原因的

caution n.谨慎:The general manager spoke with caution.

               警告:Policeman's gesture indicated a caution.

                          警察的手势表示警告

              vt. 警告:Drivers were cautioned out not to drive fast.

               caution sb about sth. 警告某人某事

               caution sb. against doing/not to do sth 警告不要做某事

cautionary adj, 警戒的

cautious adj.小心的

incautious adj.轻率的

cease v. 终止:The commander ordered his troops to cease fire.

ceaseless adj. 不断的

celebrate v. 庆祝

celebrity n. 名人:celebrities of stage and screen 舞台和影视界名人

ceremony n. 典礼:graduation ceremony 毕业典礼

                     礼节:There is too much ceremony at offical dinners.

                                 正式的晚宴礼节太多

                         stand on (without) ceremony 讲究(不拘)礼节

ceremonious adj. 讲究礼节的

 

 

 

 

               

             

                                                 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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英语单词

2017.7.27

elaborate adj. 详尽的:an elaborate research project 详尽的研究计划

                  v.    精心制作:elaborate a plan 仔细制定一项计划

                          详述,说明:She just wanted the facts; you don't need to elaborate                                             on them. 她只是想了解事实,你不必做详细说明。

elaboration n. 精心计划,详述

elegant adj. 优美的,精致的:This girl has a life of ~ ease. 这位姑娘过着风雅悠闲的生活。

                      简洁的:The painting impressed me with its elegant simplicity. 

inelegant adj. 不优雅的

elegance n. 文雅,高雅

element  n. 元素,基本部分:Cells are the elements of  the human body.

                     有点,少量:There appears to be an element of truth in your story.

                                            你说的似乎有点道理。

                     基本原理,基础:The elements of psychology are difficult to grasp.

                                                         心理学的原理难以掌握。

                     自然环境,适宜的环境:Air is the essential element of man and animals.

                                                               空气是人和动物必不可少的生存环境。

                     in your element 得心应手,如鱼得水

                     eg: On display here are various fantasy elements whose reference, at

                             some basic level, seems to be the natural world.

                             这儿呈现的是各种神奇的元素,这些元素从根本上讲,似乎都是对大自然

                             诉求。

elementary adj. 初等的,基本的:elementary arithmetic 初等算数

                           简单的,容易的:elementary questions 简单的问题

advanced adj. 高级的      

eliminate vt. 排除,消除:Do you really believe that getting drunk can eliminate pain?

                      淘汰:He was eliminated in the first round. 他在第一轮被淘汰。

                      消灭: to eliminate the enemy. 消灭敌人

maintain v. 维持,保持

elimination n. 根除,淘汰

abolish vt. 废止,废除:Corporal punishment must be abolished in trying criminals.

                                       审讯犯人时必须废止体罚。

estabish v. 建立

abolition n. 废止,废除

absence n. 缺席:Becase of being seriously ill, he has to be in his absence from class.

                   缺乏:The absence of salt in that dish makes it tasteless.

                             那道菜没加盐,很没味。

                   in the absence of  背地里,不在时

presence n. 在场,出席

absent adj. 缺席的:She was absent from the meeting.

                   茫然的: absent expression 茫然的表情

present adj. 在场的

abroad adv. 在国外:I would love to go abroad this year.

                                  我今年很想出国。

                    广为流传: The news soon spread abroad.

                    at home and abroad 国内外

absolute adj. 十足的: You are absolute fool!

                      不受约束的: The king has the absolute power.

                      无疑的: I can attest to the absolute truth of her statement.

                                     我可以证实她说的话千真万确。

absolutely adv. 完全地

absorb vt. 吸引注意力: The man was completely absorbed in the plot of

                                       the interesing book.

                  占去:Work absorbs most his time.

                   承受: He couldn't absorb the additional hardship.

                  吸进: Spongs absorbs water. 海绵吸水

                  be absorbed in 专心于

                  be absorbed into 吸收

incorporate v. 包含

absorbent adj. 能吸收的

absorbing adj, 极有趣的

absorption n. 吸收,专心致志

abstract adj. 抽象的

              n. 摘要

              vt. 抽取: abstract iron from ore 从矿石中提取铁

abstraction n. 抽象,提取,抽取

ban vt. 禁止

        n. 禁止,禁令

         ban ... from 禁止做...

permit v. 允许

bar n. 条,块:candy bar 冰糖 / iron bar 铁条

          酒吧

      vt. 插(门,窗):bar all the doors 把所有门插上

           禁止:The police barred the exits. 警察封锁了各个出口

      at the bar 受审讯的 

       behind bars 在狱中,坐牢

       bar from 不准

bare adj. 赤裸的,光秃秃的

                基本的,微小的:a bare possibility 极小的可能性

                仅仅的:He hesitated a bare second. 他犹豫了只不过一秒钟

               bare of 空的

               lay bare 揭露

                lay bare the truth  揭露真相

barely adv. 赤裸裸地

                   几乎不

bargain n. 廉价货

                  交易,合同

              v. 议价,成交

             make a bargain 达成协议

              bargain about/over sth 就...谈判

              bargain with sb  与某人谈判

              bargain away 以廉价出售

beam n. (光线的)束,柱

               梁,桁条

           v. 微笑

               发光,照射

become v. 成为,适宜,使好看

capable adj. 有能力的

               be capable of doing ... 有做...的能力

 

                    

 

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